Yield stress fluid flow in porous media
The non-Newtonian fluids intervene in numerous industrial processes.
The flow of yield stress fluids, viz. that require a minimal shear stress for flowing, is investigated in different heterogenous media (porous media, factures...).
The presence of heterogeneities induces many different flowing regimes that we aim to characterize.
Stability of a coating submitted to cycling mechanical stresses
How does a crack network evolve under the effect of a cycling mechanical stress? We consider the case of a nanospring coating.
Viscous fingering and flow of active fluid
The situation where one fluid is displaced by a second one is a basic situation found in many applications.
Our investigation focusses on the possible flow changes arising when one of the fluid is active. This is achieved here by using suspensions of various strains of motile bacteria injected in Hele Shaw cell.
Chemical wave fronts in disordered flow
Interface motion are relevant to a wide variety of dynamical processes including population dynamics in biology, chemical reaction, solidification, flame propagation in combustion and marine ecology systems. We investigate the coupling between reaction fronts and disordered flow through a model porous medium. The front is generated by a reaction between two chemical species which produces Fisher waves. These reaction fronts propagate as solitary waves with a constant velocity and a stationary concentration profile. We study the dynamics and morphology of these fronts resulting from the interaction between the flow and the sustained reaction.
Adhesion of soft polymers
In the framework of the ANR project AdhesiPS (2018-2022), we study experimentally the adhesion of
soft polymers on patterned substrates: the links between the level of adhesion and the large-strain rheology
of the glue as well as the dynamical and spatial instabilities that emerge in certain ranges of velocities during peeling experiments.
We use microtextured substrates as a tool to explore the fundamental mechanisms of energy dissipation
as well as a possible means of controlling the adhesion force.
Crack patterns in paintings
The large variety of craquelures reveal some characteristics of the pictorial layer. Moreover studying the stability of a crack network is essential in the domain of heritage conservation. The formation of a crack network is investigated using model systems in a multi-layered geometry.
Mélange de fluides miscibles induit par gravité
How to mix fluids in microfluidic devices? This simple question remains a serious challenge. In the method considered two fluids are injected face to face in an intersection of 4 channels. For moderate Reynolds numbers (around 20), one or several vortices appear in the intersection allowing a good mixing of the fluids. The quality of the mixing and the number of vortices have been studied as a function of the angle of the intersection and of the aspect ratio of the channel sections. The image shows the formation of 2 vortices on the height of an intersection of large aspect ratio.
Swimming of bacteria in porous media
Soils, sediments, biological gels and tissues are environments in which microbes proliferate. Their transport is controlled by complex flows with implications in health sciences, agriculture, ecology... By combining microfluidic experiments, numerical modeling and multiscale approaches we aim to capture the influence of pore structure on the transport and dispersion of motile bacteria. The figure shows how the coupling between motility and flow allows bacteria to accumulate at the back of a grain. See our publications for more.